Elite Appraisal Group has answers to "Frequently Asked Questions"
What is an appraisal?
What is an appraisal?(See list of FAQ's) The appraisal process is an estimation that produces an opinion of value. The real estate appraiser will typically use a several "approaches," typically three, to arrive at the estimation of market value. One of the three is the Cost Approach - which is what it would cost to replace the improvements, less physical deterioration and other factors, then adding the land value. The Sales Comparison Approach involves finding comparable homes nearby and discovering the value based on comparing those houses to the house in question. The Sales Comparison Approach is commonly the most accurate and best indicator of a liklely sales price for a home. The third approach is the Income Approach, which is the most important method in appraising income producing properties - it involves estimating what an investor would pay based on the income generated by the property.
What does an appraiser do?(See list of FAQ's) An appraiser generates an impartial and well substantiated determination of market value, to be used in making real estate transactions. Appraisers document their investigation in appraisal reports.
What are the reasons a person would need a real estate appraisal?(See list of FAQ's) There are many reasons to purchase an appraisal from Elite Appraisal Group with the usual reason being real estate and mortgage transactions. Some other reasons for obtaining an report include:
How is an appraiser different than a home inspector? (See list of FAQ's)Appraisers do not do provide home inspections and are not home inspectors. A third-party home inspector will evaluate the structure of the home, from the top to the bottom. The stereotypical property inspector's report will include an evaluation of the integrity of the property's heating system, central air conditioning system (temperature permitting), interior plumbing and electrical systems, the roof, attic, and accessible insulation, walls, ceilings, floors, windows and doors, the foundation, basement, and visible structure.
My agent performed a CMA for me. Is that the same as an appraisal?(See list of FAQ's) To be honest, they share nothing in common. The CMA depends on vague local market trends. The appraisal is based on similar valid comparable sales. The appraisal report will also include area and construction values. The CMA will provide a non-specific figure. An appraisal delivers a defensible and carefully documented opinion of value.
But the largest differentiator is who's doing the report. Real estate agents write CMA's, and they don't always know the whole market or bear specific competence when it comes to home valuation. A certified, Kentucky licensed professional who made a career on valuing properties in and around Graves County is behind the appraisal. Further, the appraiser is an independent voice, with no vested interest in the value of a home, unlike the agent, whose income is tied to the value of the home.
What's in an appraisal report? (See list of FAQ's)The main point of an appraisal report is to let the reader know the value of the real estate in question, and depending on the scope of the report, one will customarily see the following:
Upon completion of the appraisal, what assurance is there that the value conclusion is legitimate?(See list of FAQ's) In the documentation of an appraisal, each appraiser must ensure the following:
Who hires an appraiser?(See list of FAQ's) Typically, appraisers are employed by mortgage lenders to render a value opinion on a home involved in a loan transaction - to make sure the house is indeed adequate collateral for the loan. Attorneys and CPAs also retain the services of appraisers for divorce and estate settlements.
Where does an appraiser get the information used to estimate values in Graves County or other areas?(See list of FAQ's) Compiling information is one of the primary tasks an appraiser performs. Data can be classified as either Specific or General. Specific data is collected from the property itself; Location, condition, amenities, size and other specific data are noted by the appraiser during an inspection.
General data is gathered from a many sources. Local Multiple Listing Services (MLS) provide information on recently sold homes that might be used as comparables. To verify actual sales prices, we research items in the assessor's office and other public documents. Appraisers often need to report when a property is in a flood zone, so that information is retrieved from a FEMA data outlet such as a la mode's InterFlood service.
And most importantly, the appraiser assimilates general data from his or her collective knowledge gained from doing assignments for other properties in the same market.
Why should I hire a licensed appraiser?(See list of FAQ's) Any time the value of your home or other real property is being used to make a significant financial decision, an appraisal helps. If you're selling your home, an appraisal will help you determine the most appropriate price. If you're buying, it makes sure you don't overpay. If you're engaged in an estate settlement or divorce, it ensures that property is divided fairly. A home is often the single, largest financial asset anybody owns. Knowing its true value is essential to making the right financial decisions.
My mortgage statement has an item on it for PMI? Can I get rid of that?(See list of FAQ's) PMI is an acronym for Private Mortgage Insurance. PMI takes care of the lender in the event a borrower defaults on the loan and the value of the property is less than the loan balance. Once you reach the point where your home's equity plus the amount you've paid is at least 20% of your loan balance, you can have your PMI dropped.
How do I get ready for the appraiser?(See list of FAQ's) The first step in most appraisals is the property inspection. What this entails is the appraiser, after setting up an appointment, personally going through the home - recording the layout of the rooms, taking photos and documenting the general status of its amenities. On the home's interior, pick up any clutter and make sure we can find our way to things like furnaces and water heaters. On the outside, trim any bushes so we can be free to get an accurate measurement of outside walls.
The following items, if available, will help your appraiser to provide a more accurate appraisal in a shorter period of time:
What is "Market Value?"(See list of FAQ's) In real estate appraising, Market Value (as opposed to Fair Market Value) is commonly defined as:
Does the appraisal belong to the bank or the consumer?(See list of FAQ's) For mortgage transactions, the lender requests the appraisal, either directly or through a third party. While the buyer pays for the report as part of the closing costs, the lender retains the right to use the report or any information contained within. The buyer is certainly entitled to a copy of the appraisal - it's usually bundled with all the other closing documents - but is not entitled to use the report for any other purpose without permission from the lender.
The exception to this rule is when a home owner engages an appraiser directly. In these scenarios, the appraiser may stipulate how the appraisal can be used; for PMI removal, or estate planning or tax challenges, for example. If not noted otherwise, the home owner can do whatever they want with the appraisal.
I want to get more for my house. Where should I spend money renovating?(See list of FAQ's) The added value of a particular amenity truly depends on the local market. For example, if you're in a neigborhood of small to medium priced homes, a media room may not be something people in that price range want
No matter where you go, however, renovating a kitchen is almost always a safe move. One recent study revealed that putting $20,000 into a kitchen remodel would add about $17,500 to the value of the home - or about an 88% return on investment. Bathrooms were second, returning 85%. On the contrary, something that may not add value would be painting just for the sake of redecorating.